Tag

medical

Breaking down a stigma: Expert talks legalization of pot and mental health issue

By Drug Policy, News Media

September 23, 2018
Kayla Butler – 660 City News

{picture] (660NEWS file photo)

“We need to really strongly look at cannabis because it does help people. We know it’s helping people getting off of opiates. We know it’s helping people with mental health issues, with mood improvement, pain improvement.”

https://www.660citynews.com/2018/09/23/pot-mental-health/

Alberta Health Services doctor redneck reefer madness!

By Drug Policy, News Media

warning reefer madness
Published April 15, 2018, “Health experts warn educators to ramp up readiness for pot legalization
Updated April 16, 2018, “AHS doctor worries more kids will self-medicate with pot once it’s legalized
Eva Ferguson – Calgary Herald
calgaryherald.com/news/local-news/health-experts-warn-educators-to-ramp-up-readiness-for-pot-legalization

The science and evidence
April 17, 2018 – Sept. 4, 2002

Published April 17, 2018, “4/19 pot panel wants to clear the air regarding cannabis and youth
Bronwyn Beairsto – Vancouver Courier
University of British Columbia professor and researcher for the B.C. Centre on Substance Use, M-J Milloy says the link between cannabis and brain development is still merely by association.
There a great number of scientists worldwide working on this issue, but there’s been no smoking gun, Milloy said.
Zach Walsh, another UBC researcher specializing in cannabis, concurs.The evidence is weaker than the rhetoric;
According to Walsh, there appears to be a link between schizophrenia and other psychosis and marijuana use, but this could just be an association rather than causal.
He notes that there’s been a dramatic increase in cannabis use in recent years, especially in Canada, but schizophrenia levels have stayed stagnant.
www.vancourier.com/news/4-19-pot-panel-wants-to-clear-the-air-regarding-cannabis-and-youth-1.23270407

Published February 9, 2018, “Why cannabis shouldn’t be considered a gateway drug
Calgary professor debunks marijuana myths” Dave Dormer – CBC News U of C associate professor Matthew Hill says some common beliefs around the drug aren’t rooted in fact Myth: Cannabis alters brain structure. A: That one I would say, right now from the current studies, that would be false.
www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/calgary-marijuana-myths-debunked-uofc-1.4528428

Published November 21, 2017, “Five marijuana myths debunked: A public health expert clears the air on misinformation
Kevin Maimann – Metro
The University of Alberta, O’Brien Institute for Public Health, Dr. Elaine Hyshka; Assistant Professor, School of Public Health. Dr. Elaine Hyshka, “There are also people who claim that cannabis is going to basically damage your brain when you use it, especially if you’re young, and that it’s going to contribute to the intellectual downfall of a generation. And that’s also not true,” she said.
Published November 14, 2017, “Debunking myths about cannabis legalization
The University of Alberta, O’Brien Institute for Public Health
www.ualberta.ca/public-health/about/this-is-public-health/this-is-public-health-articles/2017/november/debunking-myths-about-cannabis-legalization

December 16, 2015, “Cannabis for the Management of Pain: Assessment of Safety Study (COMPASS)
Dr. Mark Ware – McGill University
Our data show that daily cannabis users had no greater risk than non-users (control group) to experience serious adverse events,’’ explains Dr. Aline Boulanger, director of the pain clinic at the Centre hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal. ‘’We found no evidence of harmful effects on cognitive function, or blood tests among cannabis consumers and we observed a significant improvement in their levels of pain, symptom distress, mood and quality of life compared to controls.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26385201

December 2, 2013, “A Controlled Family Study of Cannabis Users with and without Psychosis
Harvard University study
Evidenced that teen cannabis consumption is not lead to the development of schizophrenia later in life. The study compared families with a history of schizophrenia to those without. The study also examined non-psychotic cannabis consumers and non-consuming participant controls. The results of the current study suggest that having an increased familial morbid risk for schizophrenia may be the underlying basis for schizophrenia in cannabis users and not cannabis use by itself.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4319545

September 2002The Senate Special Committee on Illegal Drug Use” studied the cannabis issue extensively.
Senator Pierre Claude Nolin, Chair of the Senate Special Committee on Illegal Drugs.
Their unanimous recommendation was that cannabis be legalized in a regulatory framework similar to alcohol.
“Scientific evidence overwhelmingly indicates that cannabis is substantially less harmful than alcohol and should be treated not as a criminal issue but as a social and public health issue”
www.SenateReport.ca

Download printable PDF document
with the science and evidence below

calgary420.ca/pdf/AHS/ahs-debunked.pdf

No toking in public under Calgary bylaws

By Drug Policy, Government, News Media

 

April 5, 2018
Calgary votes to ban public pot consumption
Sarah Rieger · CBC News
Cannabis lounges will be illegal, too
Council voted 10-4, with only Calgary city councillors George Chahal, Joe Magliocca, Ward Sutherland and Evan Woolley voting against.
www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/calgary-public-pot-consumption-1.4607495

April 3, 2018
City of Calgary cannabis bylaws committee meeting
Cannabis Legalization – Proposed Bylaws, CPS2018-0367
https://pub-calgary.escribemeetings.com/VideoStream.aspx?MeetingId=d4315aec-7245-48ec-a6c7-8fc8533b0aeb

April 3, 2018
The idea isn’t being welcomed by Keith Fagin of the cannabis advocacy group Calgary420. He says cannabis users deserve somewhere public where they can gather to smoke, vape or eat the drug.

April 2, 2018
Calgary 420 says the city might be overstepping with proposed new rules that would ban the use of cannabis in public places like parks and sidewalks. Ian Campbell has more.

March 30, 2018
Some real reefer madness in the public comments section of the CBC News article.
Contact Calgary city councillors before Tuesday, April 3 and have your voice heard.
www.calgary.ca/CityCouncil/Pages/Councillors-and-Wards.aspx

 

Debunking reefer madness with some of the science, evidence and real world experiences.

By Drug Policy, Government, News Media


Cannabis and driving studies
June 22, 2017
American Journal of Public Health (ajph)
Crash Fatality Rates After Recreational Marijuana Legalization in Washington and Colorado. Evaluate motor vehicle crash fatality rates in the first 2 states and compare them with motor vehicle crash fatality rates in similar states without recreational marijuana legalization.
Automobile crash fatality rates in Washington and Colorado were no different from comparable states without legal recreational cannabis.
http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.2017.303848

2015

The U.S. Department of Transportation report suggests that while cannabis could potentially impair driving skills, its findings in other research suggest drivers under the influence of cannabis are actually more cautious. “Subjects in most of the simulator and instrumented-vehicle studies on marijuana are driving typically drive slower, follow other cars at greater distances and take fewer risks than when sober,” the report said.
http://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/nti/pdf/812117-Drug_and_Alcohol_Crash_Risk.pdf

2003 and 2007
Canada Safety Council
Drivers under the influence of cannabis are acutely aware of their impairment. They consciously try to drive more cautiously, by slowing down, focusing their attention and avoiding risks.

Cannabis and impaired driving studies
Sept. 2002 – June 2017
http://calgary420.ca/impaired/#driving
or PDF document http://calgary420.ca/pdf/driving/cannabis-impaired-driving-2017.pdf

Cannabis addiction
Business Insider – We took a scientific look at whether weed or alcohol is worse for you, deaths and addiction
: “More than 30,700 Americans died from alcohol-induced causes in 2014
There have been zero documented deaths from marijuana use alone.
Marijuana appears to be significantly less addictive than alcohol.”
http://www.businessinsider.com/alcohol-marijuana-which-worse-health-2017-11

Philippe Lucas, VP at Tilray, a research scholar with the University of Victoria’s Centre for Addictions Research of BC, said cannabis dependency isn’t as severe as some make it out to be. Normally, people are able to give up cannabis on their own, compared to severe drugs,
Lucas, the lead author in a September 2015 study in the “International Journal of Drug Policy”, a peer-reviewed publication found medical cannabis can be a safe and successful substitution for other addictions to alcohol 25% reduction, 32% for opiates, 12% tobacco, and more. The study has been updated and published August 2017, “Rationale for cannabis-based interventions in the opioid overdose crisis” in the Harm Reduction Journal.

Organized crime
Canadian Drug Policy Coalition – Organized crime in the cannabis market:- Evidence and Implications
“2. Unsubstantiated media and police reports portray the cannabis industry as dominated by organized crime.”
“3. Evidence suggests a very low involvement of organized crime in the cannabis industry in Canada; the majority of those in the industry tend to be non-violent and have minimal, if any, involvement with other criminal activities

Click to access CDPC_Submission_Cannabis-and-Organized-Crime_Aug9-2016_Full-Final.pdf

Mental Health
The University of Alberta, O’Brien Institute for Public Health, Dr. Elaine Hyshka; Assistant Professor, School of Public Health.
November 2017 Dr. Elaine Hyshka, “There are also people who claim that cannabis is going to basically damage your brain when you use it, especially if you’re young, and that it’s going to contribute to the intellectual downfall of a generation. And that’s also not true,” she said.

A Controlled Family Study of Cannabis Users with and without Psychosis Harvard study published in 2014:
Evidenced that teen cannabis consumption is not lead to the development of schizophrenia later in life. The study compared families with a history of schizophrenia to those without. The study also examined non-psychotic cannabis consumers and non-consuming participant controls.
The results of the current study suggest that having an increased familial morbid risk for schizophrenia may be the underlying basis for schizophrenia in cannabis users and not cannabis use by itself.

Also see real world experiences:
November 21, 2017
Washington governor John Horgan:
Don’t panic about legalized pot
The governor of is telling British Columbians to ignore most of the fear-mongering about the pending decriminalization of recreational pot in Canada.
http://www.news1130.com/2017/11/21/jay-inslee-bc-premier-dont-panic-legalized-pot/

April 2, 2017
Colorado governor John Hickenlooper:
“We had a lot of fears that we would see a real spike in teenage use, we would see real issues around edibles, a large increase in overall consumption,” the governor told Vassy Kapelos on this weekend’s edition of The West Block.
“And we haven’t seen any of that … We certainly look at (legalization) differently now than we did back then.”
https://globalnews.ca/news/3348196/as-legal-pot-looms-hopefully-you-guys-will-learn-from-our-mistakes-colorado-governor/

Dr. Susan C. Boyd, a B.C. researcher’s books “Killer Weed: Marijuana Grow Ops, Media and Justice”. about how law enforcement and media are not telling the facts and “Reefer madness is governmental” Note: Dr. Susan C. Boyd is a member of Liberal government “Task Force on Marijuana Legalization and Regulation”

Safe Cannabis Gardens
http://calgary420.ca/safe-garden

Liberal’s legalize cannabis legislation introduced

By Drug Policy, News Media


Lift sponsor

 

We can’t help but feel the cannabis act is more decriminalization then legalization. Also of much concern is the criminal penalties and restrictions are much more harsher for cannabis then alcohol, tobacco and even many violent crimes.

Note: The impaired driving likely won’t hold up to constitutional challenges in the courts. calgary420.ca/pdf/driving/driving-impaired.pdf

Growing restricted to 4 plants per home and 1 meter height max. Tobacco cultivation limit is 15kg per year for each adult person living at the residence.
Note: Easy enough to control height with plant training.

 

April 13, 2017

Government of Canada news release (legalize cannabis legislation) (PDF)
calgary420.ca/pdf/cannabis_news-release.pdf

Government of Canada Cannabis Act (PDF)
calgary420.ca/pdf/cannabis_act.pdf



April 13, 2017

Emily Mertz, Web Producer – Global News Calgary

What do you think the legal minimum age to buy marijuana in Alberta should be?

See age poll left side after “City of Calgary” and before “Calgary 420 Cannabis Community”

globalnews.ca/news/3377809/alberta-cities-province-respond-to-federal-legislation-on-legalizing-marijuana

September 4, 2002 marks the release of the Senate Special Committee on Illegal Drugs: “Cannabis: Our Position for a Canadian Public Policy.” with a recommended 16 year old age limit for consuming cannabis.


April 13, 2017
Shaun Frenette – CTV Calgary News

Re: Concerns about youth and driving under proposed marijuana laws.

Cannabis and impaired driving – PDF document calgary420.ca/pdf/driving/driving-impaired.pdf

Re: Calgary Mayor Naheed Nenshi brain science comment:

The long term real world schizophrenia data from the nineteen sixties (1960s) to twenty sixteen (2016) shows no sufficient increases even thought cannabis consumption has sufficiently increased over the same time period (over 50 years).


April 15, 2017
Mike Blanchard – 660 News Radio

A local marijuana advocate is urging the Alberta government to keep pot out of liquor stores once the stuff becomes legal

www.660news.com/2017/04/15/marijuana-advocate-cautions-selling-weed-alongside-booze/


A Framework for the Legalization and Regulation of Cannabis in Canada

By Drug Policy, News Media

The Final Report of the Task Force on Cannabis Legalization and Regulation


TFMLR Dec. 13, 2016

Table of Contents

Foreword

Executive Summary

Chapter 1: Introduction
Our mandate
The Canadian context
A global perspective
Setting the frame
Public policy objectives
Engagement process
Guiding principles

Chapter 2: Minimizing Harms of Use
Introduction: a public health approach
Minimum age
Promotion, advertising and marketing restrictions
Cannabis-based edibles and other products
THC potency
Tax and price
Public education
Prevention and treatment
Workplace safety

Chapter 3: Establishing a Safe and Responsible Supply Chain
Introduction
Production
Distribution
Retail
Personal cultivation

Chapter 4: Enforcing Public Safety and Protection
Introduction
Illegal activities
Personal possession
Place of use
Impaired driving

Chapter 5: Medical Access
Introduction
One system or two?
Access
Affordability
Products
Public safety
Evidence and research

Chapter 6: Implementation
Capacity
Oversight
Co-ordination
Communication

Annex 1: Biographies of Task Force on Cannabis Legalization and Regulation Members
Annex 2: Terms of Reference
Annex 3: Acknowledgements
Annex 4: Discussion Paper ‘Toward the Legalization, Regulation and Restriction of Access to Marijuana’
Annex 5: Executive Summary: Analysis of consultation input submitted to the Task Force on Cannabis Legalization and Regulation

http://healthycanadians.gc.ca/task-force-marijuana-groupe-etude/framework-cadre/index-eng.php